By Brian Todd and Dugald McConnell
You could easily skip by it in an archive search: a project titled "A Study of Lunar Research Flights." Its nickname is even more low-brow: "Project A-119."
But the reality was much more explosive.
It was a top-secret plan, developed by the U.S. Air Force, to look at the possibility of detonating a nuclear device on the moon.
It was hatched in 1958 - a time when the United States and the Soviet Union were locked in a nuclear arms race that would last decades and drive the two superpowers to the verge of nuclear war. The Soviets had also just launched Sputnik 1, the world's first satellite. The U.S. was falling behind in the space race, and needed a big splash.
"People were worried very much by (first human in space Soviet cosmonaut Yuri) Gagarin and Sputnik and the very great accomplishments of the Soviet Union in those days, and in comparison, the United States was feared to be looking puny. So this was a concept to sort of reassure people that the United States could maintain a mutually-assured deterrence, and therefore avoid any huge conflagration on the Earth," said physicist Leonard Reiffel, who led the project.
Reiffel, now 85, spoke to CNN at his home in Chicago. A 1959 report Reiffel wrote on the project, declassified many years ago, was obtained online by CNN.
According to Reiffel's report, "The motivation for such a detonation is clearly threefold: scientific, military and political."
The military considerations were frightening. The report said a nuclear detonation on the moon could yield information "...concerning the capability of nuclear weapons for space warfare." Reiffel said that in military circles at the time, there was "discussion of the moon as military high ground."
That included talk of having nuclear launch sites on the moon, he said. The thinking, according to Reiffel, was that if the Soviets hit the United States with nuclear weapons first and wiped out the U.S. ability to strike back, the U.S. could launch warheads from the moon.
"These are horrendous concepts," Reiffel said, "and they are hopefully going to remain in the realm of science fiction for the rest of eternity."
The basic plan, Reiffel explained, was for an intercontinental ballistic missile to be launched from an undisclosed location, travel some 240,000 miles to the moon, and detonate on impact. Various news reports since 1958 have said project leaders considered using an atom bomb the same size as "Little Boy," the bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, near the end of World War II.
Reiffel, who was cited for that information in those reports, now says he wasn't in on those discussions.
Contrary to some reports, Reiffel told CNN, the device would not have "blown up" the moon. "Absolutely not. It would have been microscopic, so to speak. It would have been, I think, essentially invisible from the Earth, even with a good telescope."
Reiffel had some brilliant minds on his team. One of them was an up-and-coming graduate student named Carl Sagan. Sagan went on to become one of the world's most renowned astronomers, creating the book and popular TV series "Cosmos."
But after working on the moon program, Reiffel said, Sagan violated security when he mentioned the still-classified project on a job application. "He did formally break the classification status of the project", Reiffel said of Sagan, who subsequently died in 1996.
Sagan's widow, Ann Druyan, told CNN she's not sure if Sagan ever broke the classification, but if he did, she said, it wasn't intentional. "I can't imagine he would have done that knowingly," Druyan said.
By 1959, Project A-119 was drawing more concern than excitement.
"We didn't want to clutter up the natural radioactivities of the moon with additional bits of radioactivity from the Earth," Reiffel said. The project was abandoned.
Project planners also weren't sure of the reliability of the weapons, and feared the public backlash in the U.S. would be significant," Reiffel said.
"It disappeared in the files of the Pentagon", he said of the project. "They come up with what I believe was the right answer."
Contacted by CNN, the Air Force would not comment on Project A-119.
Good article. I will be experiencing some of these issues as well..
This is the right blog for anyone who hopes to find out about this topic. You understand a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I really will need toÖHaHa). You certainly put a brand new spin on a topic that has been discussed for decades. Excellent stuff, just great!
online doctor erectile dysfunction loonee is erectile dysfunction a disability
erectile herbal supplements Theotte erectile neuroplasticity
erectile brokenness Bribly erectile dysfunction symptoms
Have you ever considered creating an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs?
I have a blog centered on the same topics you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information.
I know my viewers would appreciate your work. If you're even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e-mail.
erectile method loonee erectile dysfunction medications
comparing erectile dysfunction drugs Theotte erectile dysfunction exercises
is erectile dysfunction life threatening Bribly erectile injection therapy plan
I wanted to thank you for this wonderful read!! I definitely loved every bit of it. I've got you book-marked to check out new stuff you postÖ
You're so awesome! I do not believe I've truly read through anything like this before. So great to find another person with some unique thoughts on this issue. Really.. many thanks for starting this up. This site is one thing that is required on the web, someone with a little originality!
Spot on with this write-up, I actually believe that this website needs a lot more attention. Iíll probably be back again to read through more, thanks for the info!
I couldnít refrain from commenting. Very well written!
bookmarked!!, I love your web site!
erectile organs crossword loonee natural erectile supplements
improve erectile dysfunction Theotte erectile muscle
antidepressant without erectile dysfunction Bribly partner with erectile dysfunction
Spot on with this write-up, I honestly believe that this web site needs far more attention. Iíll probably be back again to read more, thanks for the information!
You are so interesting! I don't believe I've read something like that before. So wonderful to find somebody with genuine thoughts on this topic. Really.. thank you for starting this up. This website is something that is required on the web, someone with a bit of originality!
Сны часто имеют особое значение, и на сайте https://marfushka.com/sonnik можно растолковать символы из сна, узнав, что скрывает подсознание. На сайте опубликовано много толкований, для удобства поиска можно нажать на букву, с которой начинается символ, чтобы найти его в списке. Также работает удобная поисковая система — в нее нужно ввести ключевое слово, и компьютер сам подберет материалы на сайте, удовлетворяющие запрос пользователя. Также по ссылке можно узнать, когда сбудется сон, приснившийся в определенный день месяца.
Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon every day. It will always be interesting to read through articles from other writers and use something from other websites.
erectile dysfunction in children loonee erectile pump implant
cheapest erectile med Theotte erectile pumps
erectile function healthy dads healthy kids Bribly do erectile pills work
Good post. I am going through some of these issues as well..
cialis sale what\'s works better viagra or cialis? viagra cialis trial pack
It's appropriate time to make some plans for
the future and it's time to be happy. I've read this post
and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or tips.
Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.
I wish to read even more things about it!
Howdy! This article could not be written much better! Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I am going to forward this post to him. Fairly certain he will have a very good read. I appreciate you for sharing!
An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who had been conducting a little research on this. And he in fact ordered me breakfast due to the fact that I found it for him... lol. So let me reword this.... Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this topic here on your internet site.
causes of erectile dysfunction loonee erectile linked diabetes
erectile boosting medication Theotte erectile function clinic in san antonio
erectile disorder exam Bribly cheapest erectile dysfunction pill comparison
На сайте https://guru-ezoterika.ru/gadanie-na-kartah-taro.html вас ждет масса информации на тему гаданий на картах таро. С помощью карт можно получить ответы на самые важные вопросы и даже заглянуть в свое будущее. Здесь вы найдете разнообразные гадания на любовь, на чувства, на конкретного человека и ситуацию, а также узнаете значение карт, что позволит правильно считать информацию. Также на сайте вы найдете полезные статьи на эзотерическую тематику. Информация находится в открытом доступе для всех желающих.
Do you have any video of that? I'd care to find out some additional information.
You have made some really good points there. I looked on the web for more info about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this site.
Iím impressed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog thatís equally educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is something too few folks are speaking intelligently about. Now i'm very happy I found this in my hunt for something relating to this.
С помощью сайта https://flowersspb.com/ можно заказать цветы с доставкой по городу Санкт-Петербургу и Ленинградской области. После согласования с менеджером, каждый клиент также может забрать товары посредством использования возможности самовывоза. Оплачивать приобретенные цветы можно как наличными, так и безналичными средствами. На сайте можно оплачивать покупку с карт Сбербанка, Тинькофф и Альфа – банка. Цветочная продукция является свежей и качественной, возврату и обмену не подлежит.
how to buy generic cialis online cialis online free shipping generic cialis
erectile clinics cleveland loonee erectile dysfunction medications
can erectile dysfunction happen suddenly Theotte erectile health news
buy erectile dysfunction pills online Bribly erectile solution ratings
Hi! I could have sworn Iíve been to this web site before but after looking at many of the articles I realized itís new to me. Anyhow, Iím certainly happy I discovered it and Iíll be book-marking it and checking back often!
Itís nearly impossible to find well-informed people in this particular topic, however, you sound like you know what youíre talking about! Thanks
Excellent article. I will be going through many of these issues as well..
Greetings, I think your blog could be having web browser compatibility problems. Whenever I take a look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, wonderful blog!
Everything is very open with a really clear explanation of the challenges. It was definitely informative. Your site is useful. Many thanks for sharing!
erectile tissue in nose loonee erectile means
erectile improvement Theotte erectile aliments
erectile pills without side effects Bribly erectile medicine for men
Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It will always be exciting to read through articles from other writers and use something from their websites.
Мягкая мебель может пачкаться и компания на сайте https://ucleaning.ru поможет москвичам справиться с этой проблемой. Команда специалистов оказывает услуги по химчистке мягкой мебели в Москве и области. Клинеры приезжают самостоятельно к клиенту домой. Также можно заказать оценку стоимости по фотографиям загрязнения, чтобы можно было прицениться. На сайте указаны и средние цены на работы по чистке определенных элементов мягкой мебели — диванов разного размера, кресел, подушек, матрасов и так далее.
Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day. It will always be interesting to read articles from other authors and practice something from their sites.
This website was... how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Thanks!
europe cialis viagra or cialis reviews free shipping for cialis
bernie sanders canada drugs pharmacy store Plendil
An impressive share! I've just forwarded this onto a colleague who was conducting a little homework on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast simply because I discovered it for him... lol. So let me reword this.... Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time to discuss this subject here on your web site.
Greetings, I think your blog might be having web browser compatibility problems. Whenever I take a look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Other than that, excellent blog!
what erectile dysfunction loonee erectile disorder 38 cfr
how erectile dysfunction affects reproduction Theotte top erectile dysfunction pills
10 best erectile Bribly erectile supplement gnc
Hello there! This article could not be written much better! Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He always kept preaching about this. I'll send this article to him. Fairly certain he will have a very good read. Thank you for sharing!
Excellent post. I'm experiencing a few of these issues as well..
Good info. Lucky me I came across your website by accident (stumbleupon). I have bookmarked it for later!
An intriguing discussion is definitely worth comment. I believe that you should write more about this issue, it might not be a taboo matter but usually people do not discuss these topics. To the next! Best wishes!!
best erectile pump loonee is erectile dysfunction a va disability
erectile medication bimix Theotte erectile shots diagram
which erectile dysfunction pills work Bribly fast erectile repair
Spot on with this write-up, I actually believe this website needs a lot more attention. Iíll probably be returning to see more, thanks for the advice!
По ссылке https://rayskiyepodarki.ru/khrustalnye-tsvety можно отыскать хрустальные цветы Swarovski. Такие цветы станут отличным подарком для каждого человека, который действительно дорог. Популярные корзинки отличаются по названию, высоте и использованных для изготовления материалам. Понравившиеся товары можно добавить к сравнению. Стоимость товаров в вазочках и не только всегда находится на приемлемом уровне. Специальные предложения использовать может каждый человек.
An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a friend who had been doing a little homework on this. And he in fact ordered me dinner because I found it for him... lol. So let me reword this.... Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending some time to discuss this subject here on your web page.
When I originally commented I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now every time a comment is added I recieve four emails with the exact same comment. There has to be a way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!
safeway pharmacy online dominican republic pharmacy online food and drugs act canada
I could not refrain from commenting. Very well written!
This site was... how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something that helped me. Thanks!
As I walked up the incline, I signaled Frightful to conform with.
We navigated the city streets to Venice Beach on our way finally out.
German shepherds are not your typical bird dog, nor did I train him
pertaining to being one.
does erectile dysfunction affect desire loonee erectile on demand pdf
discount erectile medication Theotte is erectile dysfunction normal
new york erectile dysfunction Bribly erectile tissue histology
Можно заказать на странице http://nashisite.ru/ SEO-продвижение сайта и привлечь больше посетителей, потенциальных клиентов. Продвижение помогает сделать сайт более видимым для запросов пользователей, поэтому это отличный способ расширить клиентскую базу. Перейдя по ссылке, можно ознакомиться со всеми особенностями SEO, а также узнать расценки компании на данную услугу. Например, можно заказать продвижение по дням или целый месяц, чтобы получить наиболее ощутимый результат и больше пользователей.
originalcialis how long does it take for cialis to work 5mg where can i buy cialis over the counter