July 19th, 2012
06:40 PM ET

Drones vulnerable to being hacked, Congress told

By Todd Sperry

It wouldn't take much effort to hijack a drone over U.S. airspace and use it to commit a crime or act of terrorism, an aerospace engineering expert told a House subcommittee Wednesday.

Todd Humphreys showed members of a House homeland security subcommittee how his research team was able to commandeer an $80,000 drone using store-bought global positioning system (GPS) technology.

Drones, including ones used by police agencies, are vulnerable to hacking because they use unencrypted GPS information for navigation.

"If you can convincingly fake a GPS signal, you can convince an (unmanned aerial vehicle) into tracking your signal instead of the authentic one, and at that point you can control the UAV," said Humphreys, an assistant professor specializing in orbital mechanics at the University of Texas.

Humphreys said hacking and spoofing to take control of a drone can be done from miles away.

The U.S. military uses encrypted GPS on drones flying in war zones such as Afghanistan. To use similar technology on all drones would increase costs dramatically, according to Government Accountability Office (GAO) officials who attended Thursday's hearing on Capitol Hill.

GAO officials have suggested that the Homeland Security Department and the Federal Aviation Administration collaborate in regulating drones. But the Department of Homeland Security has, up to this point, been unwilling to accept a role in regulating drones, according to Rep. Michael McCaul, R-Texas.

DHS officials were repeatedly chastised by committee members for failing to show up for Thursday's hearing.

"The Department of Homeland Security mission is to protect the homeland. Unfrtunately, DHS seems either disinterested or unprepared to step up to the plate to address the proliferation of unmanned aerial systems in U.S. airspace, the potential threats they pose to our national security, and the concerns of our citizens of how drones flying over our cities will be used, including protecting civil liberties of individuals under the Constitution," McCaul said.

Drones are currently a growth industry in the aviation sector, with scores of new companies competing for a slice of the market. And if they can clear hurdles that currently limit their deployment in friendly airspace, pilotless planes of all shapes will be taking to the air on missions to watch over us.

Just what sort of reconnaissance the drones will do and how such uses might infringe on civil liberties was a hot-button issue at Thursday's hearing.

Privacy advocates are seeking tighter regulation, arguing that anyone can purchase a drone and use it to peek into backyards and places that typically are private.

"We're looking at procedures...to make sure drone operators are not allowed to utilize their drones for purposes outside of what they were initially licensed for," said Amie Stepanovich of the Electronic Privacy Information Center, a privacy advocacy group.

"If we don't address this now, we believe that there will be a visceral reaction from the American public." Stepanovich said.

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Filed under: Congress • drones
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    Pack up and go home otherwise your gyroscope might malfunction upon flying over my now magnituded property. I will be keeping them as well.

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  38. cali

    Drones scare me. I know the purpose is to keep the communities more safe. But if it falls in wrong hands it can be damaging as well. I think I'm a victim of drone hacking by a media production group that's been invading my privacy for over a yr. It seems that they like to put all my daily life into ideas for a television production. I daily feel like I'm watching my daily activities re enacted live. Of course they don't use my picture because it would be too obvious. Its a serious offense but I guess they don't care. I never thought there were people that could stood so low. They let greed dictate no matter who they hurt. Even if they know its hurting or damaging good people. Hopefully if someone knows who it is they can report it to authorities. I think they're already being tracked.

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    This is dreadful if true! How am I going to go on killing those towelheads with some jerk hacking my drones? Gee whiz, we don't want these towelheads over there to get the upper hand, do we? This is upsetting!

    July 19, 2012 at 7:49 pm | Reply
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