DEA program linked to vast AT&T database, documents show
September 2nd, 2013
03:56 PM ET

DEA program linked to vast AT&T database, documents show

By Evan Perez
CNN Justice Reporter

AT&T operates a vast database that collects billions of electronic details on telephone calls made by Americans that federal and local investigators can subpoena for use in investigations, according to government documents.

The AT&T database operates with a Drug Enforcement Administration program called the Hemisphere Project and is used by investigators for, among other things, tracking so-called burner phones, phones that some people switch out frequently to try to avoid surveillance.

According to the documents, the database can be useful for helping law enforcement to defeat such evasive measures. AT&T's database contains records that go back to 1987, the documents say.

READ THE DOCUMENTS HERE.

The Hemisphere Project, which dates to at least 2007, is detailed in a PowerPoint slide presentation prepared for law enforcement agencies. The PowerPoint documents were turned over in response to a public records request made to West Coast police agencies by Andrew Hendricks, who calls himself a "public documents geek and copwatcher [and] historian and radical political activist journalist muckraker" in Washington state. The New York Times reported on the documents Sunday night.

The documents surface amid controversy over government surveillance programs, particularly those run by the National Security Agency, that collect phone, e-mail and other records in an effort to thwart terror attacks.

The Obama administration has defended the NSA programs as necessary to protect national security and respectful of privacy rights. The DEA program differs from the NSA collection in major ways because the government isn't gathering the data and investigators have to obtain subpoenas to access the information.

AT&T spokesman Mark Seigel said: "While we cannot comment on any particular matter, we, like all other companies, must respond to valid subpoenas issued by law enforcement."

A U.S. law enforcement official said AT&T is the only carrier to work with the DEA program, which includes having phone company employees stationed with law enforcement analysts to expedite requests from investigators. The database doesn't have the content of calls but rather "metadata" showing locations, what numbers a phone user is calling and how long the calls last.

The AT&T database collects information on calls made by its own customers and, particularly useful for investigators, customers of other phone companies and international phone users whose devices roam or place calls through AT&T's network. The database collects about 4 billion call records daily; each phone call generates multiple call records depending on how long the call is and whether the user is traveling during the call.

That the DEA and other agencies can subpoena such records was widely known, as was the fact that the government has found ways to track burner phones. But the documents provide new detail of the vastness of the records and that instead of relying on a government database, AT&T is operating it.

Law enforcement officials say the fact the government isn't collecting the data should assuage privacy and constitutional concerns. Existing law says that phone records aren't private and that phone companies are allowed to collect them. The records are obtained via administrative and court-approved subpoenas.

"Subpoenaing drug dealers' phone records is a bread-and-butter tactic in the course of criminal investigations," said Brian Fallon, Justice Department spokesman. "The records are maintained at all times by the phone company, not the government. This program simply streamlines the process of serving the subpoena to the phone company so law enforcement can quickly keep up with drug dealers when they switch phone numbers to try to avoid detection."

Jameel Jaffer, deputy legal director for the American Civil Liberties Union, says the program raises privacy concerns.

"The government appears to have had a significant role in developing the program, and apparently it's even paying the salaries of some AT&T employees," Jaffer said. "To the extent that this is a government program, it's subject to the Fourth Amendment. In any event, the fact that AT&T is playing such a big role here should be alarming, not reassuring. AT&T is looking out for its shareholders, not ordinary citizens, and its conduct isn't governed by the Constitution."

The program uses an algorithm to help find new phones used by users already being tracked, according to the government documents. The program can help pinpoint phones that law enforcement hasn't yet uncovered, the documents say. Searches of the database can turn up call records as recent as an hour old, according to the documents.

The Hemisphere program, which is funded by the White House's Office of National Drug Control Policy, is focused on regional High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area offices in Houston, Los Angeles and Atlanta. The FBI and local police agencies used the database, according to the documents, and data are used in cases involving cocaine and other drug trafficking, and in the investigations of fugitives, kidnappings and missing persons.

The Hemisphere PowerPoint slides credit the program with solving several cases, including a probe that found multiple phones from Mexico and the United States used by traffickers and allowed the seizure of stashes of methamphetamine, cocaine and assault rifles.

soundoff (19 Responses)
  1. California

    This is proof that conspiracy theories can be true. How many more are now?

    September 4, 2013 at 12:52 am | Reply
  2. RQ

    I wonder what else they're doing and not telling us about?

    September 3, 2013 at 6:53 pm | Reply
  3. john

    data has always been collected by companies like visa, google and so on – but they held it in very secure areas due to the fact that is part of their brand of public trust – additionally if the data was compromised they had to report it and the person responsible could be punished under corporate espionage laws – further more the collection and usage as well as full disclosure was mandated by law and under strict control – with the nsa program contractors all over the world now have full access to this data and much much more – the value of each record is at least $2 – how many could you fit on a flash drive – additionally if i understand this correctly any of these contractors that have full unfettered access cannot be prosecuted or held responsible as they are protected by the government and we would probably never even know if a breach took place – and i'm sure it has many times already – i say this because the veterans department can't process a claim and non government people now have full access and remember they are contractors in it for a buck – to me this is the problem... and one that Snowden made abundantly clear – the fox's are watching the hen house :)

    September 3, 2013 at 1:31 pm | Reply
    • dsfgs3425

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      September 3, 2013 at 3:27 pm | Report abuse | Reply

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      Some politician could have sold some relative Creek CNN journalist, to develop some kind of pathology as Esquzofrenia?.

      Suits of Pathology: Schizophrenia as a product for sale, the statistics applied to neurological studies. Emotional states produced by satellite technology and invasive technology.

      Millions of human cases in which different countries have the same symptoms, perceive the same voices, all intelligence agencies, being thousands of miles away?.

      Here since the time you have this kind of study subjects experiments from the 20s
      ASK THEM NOW YOU THINK THIS TEXT NORMAL.
      WHY NOW IS GOOD WRITING.
      They will ask WE LIKE WHAT THEY DO WHEN HAKER PUBLISHED INFORMATION WITH INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES WITH TELEPHONE ENTERPRISES IntervenidasS.
      September 3, 2013 at 3:27 pm | Report abuse | Reply

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      Some politician could have sold some relative Creek CNN journalist, to develop some kind of pathology as Esquzofrenia?.

      Suits of Pathology: Schizophrenia as a product for sale, the statistics applied to neurological studies. Emotional states produced by satellite technology and invasive technology.

      Millions of human cases in which different countries have the same symptoms, perceive the same voices, all intelligence agencies, being thousands of miles away?.

      Here since the time you have this kind of study subjects experiments from the 20s
      ASK THEM NOW YOU THINK THIS TEXT NORMAL.
      WHY NOW IS GOOD WRITING.
      They will ask WE LIKE WHAT THEY DO WHEN HAKER PUBLISHED INFORMATION WITH INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES WITH TELEPHONE ENTERPRISES IntervenidasS.
      September 3, 2013 at 3:27 pm | Report abuse | Reply

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      nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / http://www.pgiorg.blog.comwwwwwwwCALA PSYCHIATRIC CASE OF PATHOLOGY CNN?.

      Some politician could have sold some relative Creek CNN journalist, to develop some kind of pathology as Esquzofrenia?.

      Suits of Pathology: Schizophrenia as a product for sale, the statistics applied to neurological studies. Emotional states produced by satellite technology and invasive technology.

      Millions of human cases in which different countries have the same symptoms, perceive the same voices, all intelligence agencies, being thousands of miles away?.

      Here since the time you have this kind of study subjects experiments from the 20s
      ASK THEM NOW YOU THINK THIS TEXT NORMAL.
      WHY NOW IS GOOD WRITING.
      They will ask WE LIKE WHAT THEY DO WHEN HAKER PUBLISHED INFORMATION WITH INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES WITH TELEPHONE ENTERPRISES IntervenidasS.
      September 3, 2013 at 3:27 pm | Report abuse | Reply

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      Some politician could have sold some relative Creek CNN journalist, to develop some kind of pathology as Esquzofrenia?.

      Suits of Pathology: Schizophrenia as a product for sale, the statistics applied to neurological studies. Emotional states produced by satellite technology and invasive technology.

      Millions of human cases in which different countries have the same symptoms, perceive the same voices, all intelligence agencies, being thousands of miles away?.

      Here since the time you have this kind of study subjects experiments from the 20s
      ASK THEM NOW YOU THINK THIS TEXT NORMAL.
      WHY NOW IS GOOD WRITING.
      They will ask WE LIKE WHAT THEY DO WHEN HAKER PUBLISHED INFORMATION WITH INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES WITH TELEPHONE ENTERPRISES IntervenidasS.
      September 3, 2013 at 3:27 pm | Report abuse | Reply

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      nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / http://www.pgiorg.blog.comwwwwwwwCALA PSYCHIATRIC CASE OF PATHOLOGY CNN?.

      Some politician could have sold some relative Creek CNN journalist, to develop some kind of pathology as Esquzofrenia?.

      Suits of Pathology: Schizophrenia as a product for sale, the statistics applied to neurological studies. Emotional states produced by satellite technology and invasive technology.

      Millions of human cases in which different countries have the same symptoms, perceive the same voices, all intelligence agencies, being thousands of miles away?.

      Here since the time you have this kind of study subjects experiments from the 20s
      ASK THEM NOW YOU THINK THIS TEXT NORMAL.
      WHY NOW IS GOOD WRITING.
      They will ask WE LIKE WHAT THEY DO WHEN HAKER PUBLISHED INFORMATION WITH INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES WITH TELEPHONE ENTERPRISES IntervenidasS.
      September 3, 2013 at 3:27 pm | Report abuse | Reply

      nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / http://www.pgiorg.blog.comwwwwwww

      nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / http://www.pgiorg.blog.comwwwwwww

      nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / http://www.pgiorg.blog.comwwwwwwwCALA PSYCHIATRIC CASE OF PATHOLOGY CNN?.

      Some politician could have sold some relative Creek CNN journalist, to develop some kind of pathology as Esquzofrenia?.

      Suits of Pathology: Schizophrenia as a product for sale, the statistics applied to neurological studies. Emotional states produced by satellite technology and invasive technology.

      Millions of human cases in which different countries have the same symptoms, perceive the same voices, all intelligence agencies, being thousands of miles away?.

      Here since the time you have this kind of study subjects experiments from the 20s
      ASK THEM NOW YOU THINK THIS TEXT NORMAL.
      WHY NOW IS GOOD WRITING.
      They will ask WE LIKE WHAT THEY DO WHEN HAKER PUBLISHED INFORMATION WITH INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES WITH TELEPHONE ENTERPRISES IntervenidasS.
      September 3, 2013 at 3:27 pm | Report abuse | Reply

      nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / http://www.pgiorg.blog.comwwwwwww

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      September 3, 2013 at 4:40 pm | Reply
      • Layne Barbary

        Is English your 4th language?

        September 4, 2013 at 9:59 am |
  4. Ijgfd Fkhfd

    "If your not breaking the law why would you care?" Why you ask, for one: if you don't get paid why should you be hunted by morons who ruin your life because they are stupid a-s-s-h-o-l-e-s...this is what happens your life gets absolutly destroyed...and you call that judicious whether you go to the libray or not, being prevented from doing buisness, having your all american family/relitives lives destroyed right here in American because POTUS can't shake the militant chip on the shoulder minority anxioty.

    September 3, 2013 at 11:01 am | Reply
  5. safsdfhg

    This article is full of lies, the truth is all warrant less data collecting is a violation of the 4th amendment, this is an act of war and an act of treason against the American people, and violates the pact we have with the government for allowing them to govern, clearly stated in black and white from the minds of those freshly oppressed by king Henry. but what would you expect from the ministry of truth

    September 3, 2013 at 8:42 am | Reply
  6. Not So American

    The thing CNN should keep in mind, and readers as well, is that Special Operations Division within DEA ALREADY GOT CAUGHT feeding illegally collected information for local drug busts (information from NSA, NOT AT&T). They gave the information with explicit instructions to LIE about where the evidence came from (this process of lying, "parallel construction", was also detailed in IRS hand book a few years ago). This story, if anything, seems like an attempt to deflect from the fact the DEA is ALSO using illegally collected evidence **in addition** to this program.

    If CNN etc. run hard core with this, that is definitely what is up.

    Reuters already reported on the infinitely worse stuff.

    September 3, 2013 at 8:31 am | Reply
  7. Kjtrd Gjhfd

    Assad is acting like the Soviets acted in Afganistan e.g. gasing the Musliums who "were" Afgan Citizens go figure...

    September 2, 2013 at 10:28 pm | Reply
  8. Kjtrd Gjhfd

    The......" P-a-t-r-i-o-t"....... A-c-t.... is a..... f-u-c-k-i-n-g...... piece of..... s-h-i-t...... written just as it was designed...

    September 2, 2013 at 10:22 pm | Reply
  9. Dtukjbvc Ruikjh

    China now demands of UK that China take the reins of Verison wireless...do you see what I see.

    September 2, 2013 at 8:47 pm | Reply
  10. Mick

    How are you upset that they need a subpeona to get the information?

    Are you going to get upset that warrants for arrest can be issued now?

    September 2, 2013 at 5:55 pm | Reply
  11. Gonetoofar

    This is bs. This is not within the bounds that even the most open minded safety conscious person could accept. Until our war on pot is done, and they go after the killer drugs like meth heroin etc , this cant go on.

    You have just crossed the line from protecting the public to repressing the public.

    September 2, 2013 at 4:09 pm | Reply
    • U.S.M.C. 1371

      Your tin foil hat is on too tight again. If your not breaking the law why would you care? Uncle sam wants to know who I call when......more power to them.

      September 3, 2013 at 4:31 am | Reply
      • Not So American

        The only people wearing tin foil hats at this point are the ones who take the government talking points at face value.

        Seriously. They've done nothing but lie about these programs since the leaks started.

        The fact that the govt. is using your tax dollars to fund positions at AT&T for the sole purpose of spying on AT&T's customers is also not a very good development. This whole thing stinks of fascism getting out of control.

        September 3, 2013 at 8:26 am |

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