A diplomatic mess played out through a multimedia prism
May 4th, 2012
05:42 PM ET

A diplomatic mess played out through a multimedia prism

By Jill Dougherty reporting from Beijing

Throughout her nearly 24-hour journey from Washington to Beijing, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton avoided the cameras of journalists traveling on her plane.

For nearly a week leading up the trip - ever since the blind Chinese activist Chen Guangcheng had fled his village home and sought refuge in the U.S. Embassy in Beijing - both the secretary and her spokespersons refused to answer any and all questions about him, save a tight-lipped "We've got nothing on that for you."

But the U.S. officials did have someting, a full-scale diplomatic mess that would play out not just behind closed doors, but through the media and social media with every few hours bringing a new twist.

His arrival had been dramatic. A U.S. official speaking on background because of the diplomatic sensitivity of the issue said that embassy officials took a car to retrieve Chen after he fled. Their vehicle was tailed by Chinese security and the Americans took action to evade those vehicles. Embassy staff began preparing for a long stay by Chen, possibly even a year, as another activist had done more than 20 years previously.

The case was beyond sensitive; the timing couldn't have been worse. Secretary Clinton, along with some 20 top U.S. officials, were traveling to Beijing for the U.S./China Strategic and Economic Dialogue and Chen's case was overshadowing every Western media report on the crucial meeting.

At the Beijing airport on Wednesday, as reporters and camera crews were hustled into vans after the morning arrival, Clinton headed for her hotel, ostensibly for some "down time." It was anything but - at 4 p.m., just as U.S. officials were scheduled to begin a media briefing on the trip, the news broke: Chen had left the embassy and was at a medical facility in Beijing, reunited with his family.

Reporters were clamoring for information and, after more than an hour's delay, two senior administration officials finally sat down with them in the hotel filing center. They spoke only on background, however, due to the diplomatic sensitivity of the issue, not allowing their names to be used, and described the deal to free Chen.

This is what they said: Chen would be treated humanely in China; doctors would have access to him; his family would be reunited with him; they would be relocated to a safe location in China where he could study; there would be no remaining legal issues; Beijing officials would investigate the actions of the local authorities. U.S. officials would periodically visit Chen to monitor how the agreement was being carried out.

And there was a striking detail: U.S. officials in a van with Chen as he left the embassy, scrambling to find a cell phone so he could make his first call - to Secretary Clinton. He thanked her for her attention to his case and then, in broken English, one official told reporters, Chen said "I want to kiss you."

But that simple detail, perhaps a sign of what was to come, became a subject of disagreement. Chen later told friends he actually had said "I want to meet you." Later in the week, another version: A U.S. official said on Friday that Chen told Ambassador Locke he lied about the mix-up because he was embarrassed by the "kiss" comment and thought he offended her.

Secretary Clinton finally broke her silence, releasing a statement that read: "Mr. Chen has a number of understandings with the Chinese government about his future, including the opportunity to pursue higher education in a safe environment. Making these commitments a reality is the next crucial task. The United States government and the American people are committed to remaining engaged with Mr. Chen and his family in the days, weeks, and years ahead."

Not long after, the deal seemed to unravel.

The Chinese government, issued an angry demand for an apology from the U.S. for holding a Chinese citizen. U.S. officials indicated no apology would be given.

Some of Chen's friends questioned the whole deal, claiming to the press and in tweets that Chen had been intimidated into agreeing to leave the embassy because of threats to his wife. One report even quoted Chen as saying he didn't want to stay in China after all, that he wanted to go to the United States.

Assistant Secretary of State Kurt Campbell denied it. In an exclusive interview with CNN he said: "We have very strict protocols on how we handle these things and on at least three occasions, our wonderful ambassador here, Ambassador Locke, asked him specifically, as we are required to do, with witnesses around, 'Mr. Chen, are you ready to leave the embassy voluntarily' and each time he said 'zum!' which means 'Let's do it, let's go.' "

To back up that claim, the State Department released digital photos of a beaming Chen, hugging American officials, looking pleased with his decision to leave the embassy and be reunited with his family, even if it was in a Beijing hospital.

The disagreement seemed to put the deal for Chen's future on hold. Clinton's diplomatic team, including Campbell, Ambassador Gary Locke and the State Department's legal adviser Harold Koh began again to work non-stop, meeting with their Chinese counterparts, trying to reach an agreement that would honor Chen's wishes.

In the CNN interview with Kurt Campbell, he was asked to describe those talks. "You're working around the clock," he said. "You're facing challenges that, in many respects, are unprecedented."

"We have never had a Chinese person who came into the embassy that wanted to go back," he said. "Almost in all cases they end up leaving, sometimes to a future in the United States that is sad and lonely. But he was determined to go back to China. He wanted to return to his country. And to create the parameters for that to happen, to work with him, to work with the government, to work with our colleagues was enormously challenging."

But Chen's wishes seemed to be changing as he gave interviews seemingly every few minutes with a different media outlet.

The U.S. misled him and abandoned him at the hospital, Chen told CNN's Stan Grant in an interview Wednesday.

"The embassy kept lobbying me to leave and promised to be with me at the hospital. But this afternoon soon after we got here, they were all gone," Chen said in the interview. "We are in danger. If you can talk to Hillary (Clinton), I hope she can help my whole family leave China."

Behind the scenes, Clinton was closely involved in the American strategy but, at the Strategic and Economic Dialogue, she was silent on Chen. In one speech on Thursday she referred to human rights without mentioning his name: "As part of our dialogue," she said, "the United States raises the importance of human rights and fundamental freedoms because we believe that all governments do have to answer to citizens' aspirations for dignity and the rule of law and that no nation can or should deny those rights."

From the Chinese side, President Hu Jintao saw it differently, saying Washington and Beijing "should approach our differences in a correct way, and respect and accommodate each other's interests and concerns."

Meanwhile, in an extraordinary scene, Chen Guangcheng - on his cell phone - called in from his hospital bed to a hearing on Capitol Hill arranged by his supporter, Rep. Chris Smith, R-New Jersey. "I want to meet with Secretary Clinton," Chen said. "I hope I can get more help from her."

As cameras rolled Smith told Chen that Secretary Clinton should go to his hospital room and "meet with you. And you and your family and your supporters need to be on a plane coming to the United States for, as you put it, that rest that you so richly deserve."

Then, suddenly on Friday, everything changed - again. On its official website, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said that if Chen wanted to study abroad, he could apply for a passport to do that, just as any Chinese citizen can. It was the makings of yet another deal. And this one looked as if it could stick.

It came just in time. Hillary Clinton took to the podium with Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner, wrapping up the trade and security talks and, in a carefully phrased statement, used Chen's name in public for the first time. The U.S. ambassador had spoken with Chen again, she said, "and he confirms that he and his family now want to go to the United States, so he can pursue his studies."

Clinton said the U.S. was "encouraged" by the government statement "confirming that he can apply to travel abroad for this purpose."

"Over the course of the day, progress has been made to help him have the future that he wants, and we will be staying in touch with him as this process moves forward."

A reporter asked whether the deal with the Chinese government would hold - whether the Chinese government was serious about finding a resolution.

After three days of some of the most intense diplomacy several senior officials said they had ever experienced, the secretary was taking no chances. She pulled the blandest expressions she could find from the diplo-speak shelf:

"As I said, we are encouraged by the progress we've seen today," she said, "but there is more to work to do, so we will stay engaged as this moves forward."

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    June 29, 2012 at 1:18 pm | Reply
  6. Ken2

    Million of Chinese travel and living in overseas either as tourist, student, retiree or working abroad. They are free to choose whether or not to go back China. Almost all of them whom I knew wanted to go back. Of course there may be some afraid to return...and I presumed that these people could be either 'dissidents' (by the way this is the most faourarite excuse), criminals, corrupts former officials etc...who are running away from the law. This CHen guy is a parasite and nuisance. What has he contribute to the Chinese society...they don't even have a descend job ....yeah he is blind (likewise million of blind folks do work to earn a living) and uses his big mouth assisted by some dudes behind to make him sounded like a dissident so that this whole episode which CNN have been waiting and dying to sensationalize been played out. Most laughable, the highest officials representing USA been fooled and like clowns by the scrip writer(s) of this cheap drama. Good for Chen and family getting free ride, cheap publicity and sympathy, cooperating with foreigners to demonize his fellow countrymen and country for his selfish personal gains. Well he may finally got what he want ie., to stay in USA....free....no need to study yet able t get admitted into NY University....compliment from the tax payers. Human rights..?...All hypocrites....give me a break....please focus the lies and mess in Iraq, Afghanistan, Palestine etc...by the way, why this Ansange being charge for freedom of information ?....

    May 5, 2012 at 8:19 pm | Reply
  7. Obama Trips again in Froeign Policy idiotcy

    Obama guys have put a sipn on this from the get go , only for the truth to come to light . THEY SCREWED UP BIG TIME . folks screw ups like this only encourges the thugs of the world as they see the weakness of obama .

    NO DOUBT obama camp will continue in spin talk of smoke and shame.

    May 5, 2012 at 11:15 am | Reply
  8. William

    The biggest population are getting from the poorest and most hungry to some rich has been the biggest improvement on human rights. It is not a perfect country, but we are pleased to see most of things are going better.
    Can you imagine somebody bring a US citizen to a foreign embbosy to run away from American law? At least that is not a polite way.
    You cannot require others behave in your way.

    May 5, 2012 at 9:29 am | Reply
  9. Bart

    In Chen's case, Obama (the 'leade'r who follows others) caved. Obama weaken our world position so he has to succumb to the wishes of the Chinese. Obama is the tail of the Chinese dog. Obama gave Chen to the Chinese.

    May 5, 2012 at 5:43 am | Reply
  10. max

    Imagine a new China, where the censored internet is open,
    The single party dictatorship is replaced by a government actually elected by the people,
    Where corrupt regional officials are bought to justice,
    The police are no longer pawns of the party but are proud to serve the people,
    When 'illegal' public assembly is encouraged where dissidents can speak their minds,
    and the nation's elected representatives are accountable to the people.
    It will happen ..... Go China!

    May 5, 2012 at 2:54 am | Reply
  11. Minta Jo

    This is the worst grammatically written story I have ever seen from a major news media network.. Please, either have Jill go back to school to learn English or fire the editor who approved this story before printing. I could not even finish reading this because of all the mistakes within the text. Very typically liberal.

    May 5, 2012 at 2:21 am | Reply
  12. Minta Jo

    This is the worst grammatically written story I have ever seen from a major news media network. Please, either have Jill go to school and learn English or fire the editor who approved this story before printing. There is no way anyone with any literacy could read all of this with out cringing.

    May 5, 2012 at 2:17 am | Reply
  13. Jan

    Exactly what did he contribute to Chinese society to deserve to be called a "Hero'? from the western media descibed events surrouding him these days. This is someone who doesn't even have intergrity and a clear idea of what he wants in life. Do that sound like a hero to y? can that kind of "hero" ever make any contributaion to mankind or only adavance his own personal agenda?

    May 5, 2012 at 2:11 am | Reply
    • Mike Lee

      Chen is a hero because he dared to speak up against human rights violations. He fought for the poor people and women forced to do abortions.

      May 5, 2012 at 3:37 am | Reply
      • TigerU1

        Chen is a rat, not a hero. He and his family got benefit from it, and leave behind is nothing is not changed.

        May 5, 2012 at 10:59 am |
    • George

      I agree. By the way, he should ask US to give him several million dollars to make sure that he will be safe in US.

      May 5, 2012 at 5:02 am | Reply
      • Maianne

        This statement taken from Wikipedia might prove to some etenxt that the website is not contributed to by true professionals and can be used as an alternative for information only and at your own risk. It depends on how Standard German is defined. If it means no Germans spoke as the written language was on paper, then no people speak their Standard or de facto Standard Language because they always speak a variant that is is differnt in one way or the other from their country's TV/radio hosts and hosteses.(Sorry, your comment was wrongly identified as spam and I'm replying to it only after I've quoted EB's entry in my reply to your other comment.)

        July 1, 2012 at 4:02 am |
  14. hello

    All the official media forums have been shut down and little information can be get from the official medias, why? what are they afraid of, may be most of Chinese know about this but only can be silence because it`s easy to be arrested if you express your disagreements on the internet; That`s means there are no human rights in most of poor and middle class people; Our party is the biggest dictator in the world;-Voice from Chinese

    May 5, 2012 at 1:30 am | Reply
    • Tammy Lambert AZ

      who cares. let worry about our own internal problems. Let China be China, as long as they clean up their pollution and dont meddle in our business, then why should we meddle in theirs. We will never change China or Russia, their next couple generation will do it for them at their own pace.

      May 5, 2012 at 1:48 am | Reply
  15. wongtufong

    F Hillary! F Obama! F Chen! Obama administration is like a parasite trying to interfere with other countries' foreign affairs policies

    May 5, 2012 at 1:04 am | Reply
    • ricardo1968

      I think you meant to say 'internal' affairs...

      May 5, 2012 at 1:30 am | Reply
    • Tammy Lambert AZ

      What! Our current administration didnt want or need this hassle, they had no interest in Chen..they were there to talk about our shared economics. Big dummy Republican had to make it a political issue by putting Chen on the loud speaker and demanding Cliniton get the criminal out of China...Your precious Republicans once again drag our country closer and closer to disaster.

      May 5, 2012 at 1:44 am | Reply
      • Clodain

        By the looks of it, it looks like every major component (camera, anntnea, lcd, etc) is easily replaceable.Would this suggest that we would be able to order replacement parts and repair ourselves rather than having to exchange the phone?

        July 1, 2012 at 4:23 am |
  16. blessedgeek

    If I were a Japanese citizen, and I had disagreements with the Japanese government, and I wanted to leave for the US, the Japanese govt would not stop me.

    If I were a South Korean citizen, or a Pakistan citizen, or a Kazakhstan citizen, or a Mongolia citizen, or a ....

    But China. What a pathetic country. Their citizens are like little piglets scurrying around waiting for their place to be slaughtered.

    Why make a big fuss about this? Why even bother to tail and follow him. China, you are digging yourself again and again into a bigger hole, Leave him alone. Let him go. In fact, tell him "Go! No BIG DEAL." What is all this about, like little children playing with sand – could not find enough sand to throw around? Holy cow!

    May 4, 2012 at 11:47 pm | Reply
    • John

      Why Assange was not able to move around then?

      May 5, 2012 at 12:56 am | Reply
    • Joe

      If I were a japanese and I ask the american marines to get lost back home, How come they can refuse ? In China, there are no foreign occupation forces. The Chinese are a free people but the Japanese and South Koreans are slaves. Even the North Koreans are a freer people.

      May 5, 2012 at 2:41 pm | Reply
  17. Drew

    Wherever Hillary goes, deception, war, or mistrust follow. She is friggin awesome!!

    May 4, 2012 at 11:17 pm | Reply
  18. Pat

    I wish david gergen would shut up.......or, better yet, banned from CNN........he's nothing more than a right wing tool.

    May 4, 2012 at 7:09 pm | Reply
  19. Balls 2U

    POSTUSBO! 2012!

    May 4, 2012 at 7:03 pm | Reply

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